The Fulbright Scholarship, together with the Fulbright–Hays Program, is one in every of a number of United States Cultural Exchange Programs with the objective to enhance intercultural relations, cultural diplomacy, and intercultural competence between the American folks of the United States and different international locations by the trade of individuals, information, and abilities. Via this system, competitively-selected American residents together with college students, students, academics, professionals, scientists and artists might obtain scholarships or grants to check, conduct analysis, educate, or train their abilities overseas; and residents of different international locations might qualify to do the identical within the United States.
The program was based by the United States Senator J. William Fulbright in 1946 and is taken into account to be some of the well known and prestigious scholarships on this planet. The program supplies roughly 8,000 grants yearly – roughly 1,600 to U.S. college students, 1,200 to U.S. students, 4,000 to overseas college students, 900 to overseas visiting students, and several other hundred to academics and professionals.
The Fulbright Scholarship is run by cooperating organizations such because the Institute of International Education and operates in over 160 international locations world wide. The Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs of the U.S. Department of State sponsors the Fulbright Program and receives funding from the United States Congress through annual appropriation payments. Additional direct and in-kind assist comes from companion governments, foundations, companies, and host establishments each in and out of doors the U.S.
In 49 international locations, a bi-national Fulbright Commission administers and oversees the Fulbright Program. In international locations which have an energetic program however no Fulbright Commission, the Public Affairs Section of the U.S. Embassy oversees the Fulbright Program. More than 370,000 folks have participated in this system because it started; 60 Fulbright alumni have received Nobel Prizes; 88 have received Pulitzer Prizes.