Praying for the Enemies of Islam

*Praying for enemies in Islam*??

Abu Amina Elias ✍?

In the title of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful

It was the follow of the Prophet ﷺ to supplicate and pray to Allah to information his enemies of Islam and to profit them within the Hereafter. Islam teaches us to like for others what we love for ourselves. Each one in all us desires to be guided and, subsequently, we should always ask Allah to information others even when they’re unbelievers, sinners, or oppressors.

We ought to supplicate for steerage and forgiveness for folks basically. It is the essence of Allah to be forgiving and mericful, and the angels roam the earth searching for forgiveness for everybody upon it. By expressing mercy and forgiveness in our supplications, we fulfill Allah’s plan for the creation.

Allah stated:

وَالْمَلَائِكَةُ يُسَبِّحُونَ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّهِمْ وَيَسْتَغْفِرُونَ لِمَن فِي الْأَرْضِ ۗ أَلَا إِنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ الْغَفُورُ الرَّحِيمُ

The angels exalt the reward of their Lord and ask forgiveness for these on earth. No doubt, Allah is the Forgiving, the Merciful.

Surat al-Shura 42:5

It was the follow of all the Prophets to supplicate for his or her oppressors, though they suffered bodily hurt and ache at their fingers.

Abdullah ibn Mas’ud reported: I noticed the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, inform the story of a prophet who was crushed by his folks and he wiped the blood from his face, saying:

رَبِّ اغْفِرْ لِقَوْمِي فَإِنَّهُمْ لاَ يَعْلَمُونَ

My Lord, forgive my folks for they have no idea.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 6530, Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi

In one other narration, the Prophet ﷺ himself stated this prayer after being attacked and harmed through the battle of Uhud:

اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِقَوْمِي فَإِنَّهُمْ لا يَعْلَمُونَ

O Allah, forgive my folks for they have no idea.

Abu Hatim, might Allah be happy with him, stated:

يَعْنِي هَذَا الدُّعَاءُ أَنَّهُ قَالَ يَوْمَ أُحُدٍ لَمَّا شُجَّ وَجْهُهُ

The Prophet stated this supplication through the battle of Uhud once they slashed his face.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Ibn Ḥibbān 985, Grade: Sahih

This incident demonstrates the Prophet’s ﷺ strict adherence to moral virtues regardless of enduring persecution by the hands of unbelievers.

An-Nawawi feedback on this custom, saying:

فِيهِ مَا كَانُوا عَلَيْهِ صَلَوَاتُ اللَّهِ وَسَلَامُهُ عَلَيْهِمْ مِنَ الْحِلْمِ وَالتَّصَبُّرِ وَالْعَفْوِ وَالشَّفَقَةِ عَلَى قَوْمِهِمْ وَدُعَائِهِمْ لَهُمْ بِالْهِدَايَةِ وَالْغُفْرَانِ وَعُذْرِهِمْ فِي جِنَايَتِهِمْ عَلَى أَنْفُسِهِمْ بِأَنَّهُمْ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ

In this custom is what the Prophet practiced of forbearance, persistence, forgiveness, and compassion for his folks, his supplication for them to obtain steerage and to be forgiven, and for them to be excused for his or her sins as they didn’t know.

Source: Sharḥ Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 1792

On a number of events, the companions requested the Prophet ﷺ to supplicate towards the enemies of Islam, the exact same individuals who threatened them, damage them, and brought about nice struggling. He refused to sentence his enemies to the Hellfire within the hope that at some point they could see the sunshine.

Abu Huraira reported: At-Tufail got here together with his companions and so they stated, “O Messenger of Allah, the tribe of Daws has disbelieved and rejected you, so pray to Allah against them.” And it was stated, “May the tribe of Daws be destroyed!” The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, stated:

اللَّهُمَّ اهْدِ دَوْسًا وَائْتِ بِهِمْ

O Allah, information the tribe of Daws and produce them to me.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 4131, Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi

Abu Huraira reported: It was stated, “O Messenger of Allah, pray against the idolaters!” The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, stated:

إِنِّي لَمْ أُبْعَثْ لَعَّانًا وَإِنَّمَا بُعِثْتُ رَحْمَةً

Verily, I used to be not despatched to invoke curses, however somewhat I used to be solely despatched as mercy.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 2599, Grade: Sahih

Jabir reported: It was stated, “O Messenger of Allah, the arrows of the tribe of Thaqīf have pierced us, so pray against them!” The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, stated:

اللَّهُمَّ اهْدِ ثَقِيفًا

O Allah, information the tribe of Thaqīf!

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 3942, Grade: Sahih

In one of the well-known examples, the Prophet ﷺ prayed for Allah to information Umar Ibn Al-Khattab, who on the time was a strong enemy of Islam.

Ibn Umar reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, stated:

اللَّهُمَّ أَعِزَّ الْإِسْلَامَ بِأَحَبِّ هَذَيْنِ الرَّجُلَيْنِ إِلَيْكَ بِأَبِي جَهْلٍ أَوْ بِعُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ

O Allah, strengthen Islam with one in all two males whom you like extra: Abu Jahl or Umar ibn Al-Khattab.

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 3681, Grade: Sahih

Because of the Prophet’s supplication, Umar went on to turn into one of many biggest of the early Muslims and a job mannequin for the complete Muslim group.

In one other story, the Prophet ﷺ was violently rejected by the folks of Al-Ṭā’if. They mocked him and ran him out of the town while pelting him with stones, to the purpose that blood soaked his sandals. In this second, Allah despatched to the Angel of the Mountains to him with a selection: If he desired, he might overturn the mountains upon the complete metropolis and destroy all of its inhabitants. The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, refused the request, saying:

بَلْ أَرْجُو أَنْ يُخْرِجَ اللَّهُ مِنْ أَصْلاَبِهِمْ مَنْ يَعْبُدُ اللَّهَ وَحْدَهُ لاَ يُشْرِكُ بِهِ شَيْئًا ‏‏‏

No, somewhat I hope that Allah will carry from their descendants individuals who will worship Allah alone with out associating companions with him.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 3059, Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi

When we refuse to supplicate and pray for the advantage of others, this is actually because our hearts are being influenced and misled by religious ailments of hatred, malice, and envy. The remedy for these ailments is to do the precise reverse of what they command us; if incite us to curse folks, then we should always reply by praying for his or her steerage.

Al-Ghazali writes:

وأما العمل النافع فيه فهو أن يحكم الحسد فكل ما يتقاضاه الحسد من قول وفعل فينبغي أن يكلف نفسه نقيضه فإن حمله الحسد على القدح في محسوده كلف لسانه المدح له والثناء عليه وإن حمله على التكبر عليه ألزم نفسه التواضع له والاعتذار إليه … فَهَذِهِ هِيَ أَدْوِيَةُ الْحَسَدِ وَهِيَ نَافِعَةٌ جِدًّا إِلَّا أَنَّهَا مُرَّةٌ عَلَى الْقُلُوبِ جِدًّا وَلَكِنَّ النَّفْعَ فِي الدَّوَاءِ الْمُرِّ

As for helpful deeds, it’s to be a choose over envy. For every thing that envy brings to court docket of sayings and deed, he ought to oblige himself to do its reverse. If envy compels him to disparage the envied, then he ought to oblige his tongue to reward him and commend him. If envy compels him to be conceited towards him, then he ought to require himself to be humble earlier than him and apologize to him… These are the cures for envy and they’re very helpful, though they’re very bitter for the guts. Rather, the profit is in bitter medication.

Source: Iḥyāʼ Ulūm al-Dīn 3/199

Indeed, it’s a troublesome and bitter medication to swallow after we pray for individuals who have wronged us and harmed us in horrible methods. Yet, it’s for our personal good to take action, because the hatred in our hearts is extra dangerous to ourselves than our prayers are towards them.

In reality, it’s the Sunnah to cleanse the guts of hatred, malice, and rancor each morning and night by praying for the advantage of others.

Anas ibn Malik reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, stated to me:

يَا بُنَيَّ إِنْ قَدَرْتَ أَنْ تُصْبِحَ وَتُمْسِيَ لَيْسَ فِي قَلْبِكَ غِشٌّ لِأَحَدٍ فَافْعَلْ

Young man, in case you are ready each morning and night to take away any rancor out of your coronary heart in direction of anybody, then achieve this.

Then the Prophet stated:

يَا بُنَيَّ وَذَلِكَ مِنْ سُنَّتِي وَمَنْ أَحْيَا سُنَّتِي فَقَدْ أَحَبَّنِي وَمَنْ أَحَبَّنِي كَانَ مَعِي فِي الْجَنَّة

Young man, that’s my custom (sunnah) and whoever revives my custom has beloved me, and whoever loves me shall be with me in Paradise.

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 2678, Grade: Hasan

Finally, we ought to grasp that supplicating and praying for others is, in actuality, to wish for our personal selves. Among the rights of Muslim brotherhood is to wish for the Muslims the identical means you pray for your self.

Al-Ghazali writes:

الدعاء للأخ في حياته وبعد مماته بِكُلِّ مَا يُحِبُّهُ لِنَفْسِهِ وَلِأَهْلِهِ وَكُلِّ مُتَعَلِّقٍ به فتدعو له كما تدعو لنفسك ولا تفرق بين نفسك وبينه فإن دعاءك له دعاء لنفسك على التحقيق

(Among his rights are) prayer for his brother in his life and after his demise for every thing that he loves for himself, his household, and every thing associated to him. Thus, you pray for him as you pray for your self, with out distinction between your self and him. Indeed, your prayer for him is a prayer for your self in actuality.

Source: Iḥyā’ ‘Ulūm al-Dīn 2/186

Even our wayward brothers and sisters in humanity, who could also be misplaced and stumbling, deserve for us to prayer for his or her steerage, simply as we’d need them to wish for us if we have been misplaced in misguidance.

Success comes from Allah, and Allah is aware of greatest.

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